However, everything changes when the document in question is executed “under lock and key”. Under Pennsylvania law, the statute of limitations for “an instrument written under seal” is twenty years. Therefore, if the same promise does not fulfill its obligations under a sealed written instrument, it will remain vulnerable to legal action for twenty years, compared to only four years. In the United States, wax seals have never been explicitly imposed. The reformulation of contracts (second) indicates that a seal contract can also be called a: in some jurisdictions, the parties consider that a sealed document is sufficient, even if there is no seal. Sealed contracts generally contain an irrefutable presumption of consideration, which means that one party can expect to obtain performance of the obligations of the other party described in the treaty without arguments. The amendments to the Act, introduced in 1989, also do not apply to companies such as government ministers or church of England bishops. Therefore, when a business sole needs to execute a document, it must continue to do so using an official seal. [17] The main change from the traditional approach is that as long as the deed has been signed either by an individual or by a company (pursuant to section 127(3) of the Corporations Act) and has been certified by a person who is not a party to the act, there is no requirement that it be sealed (see section 38(3) of the Conveyancing Act 1919 (NSW)). Modern court decisions minimize or remove the distinction between sealed and unsealed devices, and most laws have abolished the use of seals.

Other laws that suppress the use of private seals do not make sealed instruments illegal, but make seals ineffective. . . .