As with any agreement between parties where a dispute is pending, a plea involves a compromise. For the prosecutor and the judge, there are obvious advantages to solving a case through a plea, including the judicial economy and the effective resolution of their cases. In addition, prosecutors can obtain the cooperation of the accused in the course of a plea, which can support their investigation or follow up on others. Judges have a similar incentive to settle a criminal procedure – the reduction of a docks already overloaded with trials. In 2007, the Sakharam Bandekar case became the first case of its kind in India, in which the accused, Sakharam Bandekar, sought a lesser sentence in exchange for confessions of his crime (with plea). However, the court rejected his plea and accepted the CBI`s argument that the accused faces serious corruption charges. [36] Finally, the court sentenced Bandekar to three years in prison. [37] Section 5K1.1 of the Criminal Guidelines allows the United States to enter a plea in the Correctional Court allowing the court to comply with the stated instruction, on the ground that the defendant has provided significant assistance in the investigation or prosecution of another. The authority to approve these briefs is limited to the U.S. Attorney, chief assistant United States Attorney and supervisor Assistant United States Attorneys or a committee that includes at least one of these individuals. Similarly, for lawyers in the Department of Justice, the authority should be given to a section head or office head or to the assistant of such an official or committee of which at least one of these persons is a member.

Another type of negotiation that can occur when the defendant is faced with several counts is called a counting hearing. This involves pleading guilty to any of the counts in exchange for dropping the other counts. Sometimes the prosecutor agrees to reduce the charges or drop some of the multiple charges in exchange for the accused`s acceptance of the sentence.