The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, officially titled the UK`s withdrawal agreement from Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. is a treaty signed on 24 January 2020 between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (UK) [5] which sets the conditions for the UK`s withdrawal from the EU and Euratom. The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019[6] and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier. The previous version of the withdrawal agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, leading Queen Elizabeth II to accept Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and appoint Boris Johnson as the new Prime Minister on 24 July 2019. The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021. [20] The United Kingdom will be able to conclude trade agreements with third countries; However, the customs union would significantly reduce the UK`s ability to have very different trade relations with them, particularly with regard to products. There would be more opportunities for the UK to offer different conditions for trade in services and sectors such as public procurement. In his statement after the third round, Mr Barnier rejected the British proposal that, like the EU-Canada agreement, there could be tariffs without a level playing field. He also said it would require much longer negotiations on each customs line, which would require an extension of the post-Brexit transition period. He said that negotiations on various topics were linked to an agreement in an area that requires agreement in other areas.

He said some of the UK`s requirements go beyond what is found in other EU free trade agreements. The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Department renegotiation in 2019. The amendments fit about 5% of the text[22] The document “Future relations with the EU” contains a number of proposals for our negotiations with the EU. Draft legislation forms the legal articulation of this approach and forms the basis of discussions with the EU. In his response, Mr. Barnier stated that he did not believe that such an exchange of letters was “necessarily the best way to discuss key points.” He said the EU would not accept “no pegs” in previous agreements and that its main reference point was the Political Declaration (PD) which was adopted with the UK government in October 2019. Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on October 17, 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement. [30] Part 4 of the draft text deals with the UK`s participation in EU programmes and good financial management. It covers the financial conditions of the UK`s participation in EU programmes, which would include a combined amount of registration fees and an operational contribution. EU institutions have the right to audit and audit individuals and entities in the UK that receive EU funding. Programmes in which the United Kingdom participates would be identified in a currently empty protocol.